"Step-by-step shape evolution of tubular solids by defect motion" by Daniel Beller (Harvard University)

Friday, February 24, 2017 - 4:00pm to 5:00pm
Center for Biological Physics Seminar

Abstract: Two-dimensional crystalline order on surfaces with cylindrical topology gives rise to helical lattices. This type of packing occurs in biology at many scales, from biofilaments to viral capsids to botany, as well as in carbon nanotubes and in colloidal crystals. Shape changes in the tubular surface generally require changes in the crystalline tessellation of the surface. This evolution can be undertaken step-by-step via the motion of elementary defect pairs through the tubular crystal. I will discuss the physics of plastic deformation in tubular crystals by the unbinding and glide separation of dislocation pairs. Through theory and simulation, this work examines how the tube’s radius and helicity affect, and are in turn altered by, the mechanics of dislocation glide. The system’s bending rigidity plays an important role, and can resist, arrest, or even reverse the deformations of tubes with small radii. I will also discuss the equilibrium shapes of tubes containing dislocations, with potential implications for biofilaments such as microtubules.

Event Attachments: 
PAB 4-330