"Designing Superconductivity: Manipulating Interactions in Arrays of Superconducting Islands" by by Nadya Mason (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

Date: 
Thursday, January 12, 2017 - 4:00pm to 5:00pm
Series: 
Physics and Astronomy Colloquium

Thursdays, 4:00-5:00 pm

1-434 Physics and Astronomy (map)
Reception from 3:30-4:00 p.m.
(unless otherwise posted)

 

Guest Speaker: Nadya Mason (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

 

Talk Title:  “Designing Superconductivity: Manipulating Interactions in Arrays of Superconducting Islands”

Abstract:

One of the most fundamental questions in physics is how the macroscopic properties of matter emerge from microscopic constituents. Often, complex electronic correlations at the micro-scale act to create remarkable macroscopic materials properties, such as superconductivity and ferromagnetism. But the parameters relevant to understanding and manipulating these correlations are difficult to access. In this talk, I will discuss a “bottom-up” approach to studying collective effects in matter via nanostructured arrays of superconducting islands. We fabricate large arrays of superconducting islands patterned on normal metal films; by changing the size and configuration of the islands, we can to tune the parameters relevant to 2D superconductivity, such as disorder, dissipation, and phase separation. I will discuss electrical transport measurements of these systems, including characterization of the superconducting transitions, vortex dynamics in finite magnetic-fields, and evidence that the system approaches an unusual metallic ground state as the island spacing is increased. I will also discuss the mechanism behind the suppression of superconductivity in individual granular islands, even at large diameters. 

 

For more information, contact Jay Hauser

We thank the following people for their contributions to the wine fund for the post-colloquium reception:
Prof. Dolores Bozovic, Prof. Mike Cornwall, Prof. Bob Cousins, Prof. Andrea Ghez, Prof. Karoly Holczer, Prof. Eric Hudson, Robert Huff, Prof. Alex Kusenko, Prof. Myank Mehta, Prof. John Miao, Prof. Roberto Peccei, Prof. Claudio Pellegrini, Prof. David Saltzberg, Prof. Jean Turner and Prof. Ben Zuckerman.

Location: 
1-434 PAB