“Fractional Quantum Hall Effect of Lattice Bosons Near Commensurate Flux” Layla Hormozi (National University of Ireland)

Wednesday, April 17, 2013 - 4:00pm
Condensed Matter Physics Seminar


We study interacting bosons on a lattice in a magnetic field. When the number of flux quanta per plaquette is close to a rational fraction, the low energy physics is mapped to a multi-species continuum model: bosons in the lowest Landau level where each boson is given an internal degree of freedom, or pseudospin. We find that the interaction potential between the bosons involves terms that do not conserve pseudospin, corresponding to umklapp processes, which in some cases can also be seen as BCS-type pairing terms. We argue that in experimentally realistic regimes for bosonic atoms in optical lattices with synthetic magnetic fields, these terms are crucial in determining the nature of allowed ground states. In particular, we show numerically that certain paired wavefunctions related to the Moore-Read Pfaffian state are stabilized by these terms, whereas certain other wavefunctions can be destabilized when umklapp processes become strong. Time permitting, I will also discuss some of the properties these paired states and their excitation spectra.